Everything you need to know about Greco-Roman wrestling


Greco-Roman wrestling is the oldest sport in the 2021 Olympics and here’s what you need to know how to enjoy it.

One of the first sports added to the modern Olympics in 1896, wrestling, was almost eliminated from the Tokyo Games in 2021. Fortunately, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) overturned the decision, and we will have Greco wrestling competitions. -romaine and freestyle wrestling this summer.

2021 Olympic Games: Rules Summary

Greco-Roman wrestling prohibits holds below the waist, which is the main difference from freestyle wrestling. The difference results in an emphasis on throwing as a wrestler cannot use travel or shooting to bring an opponent to the ground. It also results in a wrestler’s inability to hook / grab his opponent’s leg to avoid being thrown.

The wrestlers meet in the center of the mat and shake hands in a sign of respect for the sport and for each other before the referee blows his whistle to start the match. A wrestler must beat his opponent after three possible three-minute periods to win the match.

Each period is broken down into a phase of wrestling from the neutral position and a maximum of two phases of beds (wrestling on the ground). During the neutral position phase, the two wrestlers compete for takedowns and points for 60 seconds. At the end of the first minute, the wrestler who has scored the most points is entitled to an Olympic lift from an open floor position over the other wrestler, also known as the “clinch”. If neither of the wrestlers has scored any points at the end of the first minute, the referee throws a colored disc with a red side and a blue side. The wrestler who wins the colorful discus throw receives the clinch.

At the end of the first 30 seconds, the clinch position is reversed, with the other wrestler receiving the Olympic lift for an additional 30 seconds. The period is decided by who has accumulated the most points during the two phases of the period. If the best wrestler was unable to score during the floor phases, the other wrestler is awarded a point. If there is no score during the floor phase with a scoring move, the score will be 1-1. In this case, usually the wrestler who scored last will win the period.

2021 Olympics: how is Greco-Roman wrestling rated?

Wrestlers can earn up to five points for the moves they perform during the match. The most efficient way to earn points is takedowns. A wrestler earns points for a takedown when he takes control of his opponent on the mat from a neutral position (when they are both standing). A wrestler must control at least three points of contact on the mat to gain withdrawal points (for example, two arms and one knee, two arms and head, or two knees and one arm or head).

A wrestler also earns points for knockdowns, exposure (danger position), penalties, passivity and his opponent going out of bounds. A wrestler can end a match earlier by pinning his opponent, also known as a fall. Only a fall, a default injury or a disqualification ends the match; all other wins occur at the end of a possible three periods.

There are several ways for a wrestler to win a match. A “win in the fall” means that a wrestler has pinned his opponent. A “victory by technological fall” is achieved when a wrestler is eight points ahead of his opponent at any time during the match. A “decision win” means that the wrestler dominated his opponent at the end of the match. A “default win” means that a wrestler has achieved victory because his opponent did not complete the match for reasons other than injury. An “injury win” means the opponent was injured during the match and could not continue. Finally, a “win by disqualification” means that the opponent has received three “warnings” for breaking the rules and has been disqualified.

Olympics 2021: the Greco-Roman wrestling teams to know

As the oldest Olympic sport, Greco-Roman wrestling is popular in many countries around the world. However, sport reigns supreme in Russia. The country has held 22 medals (12 gold medals) in sports since the dissolution of the Soviet Union. He also contributed to 60 detainees by the USSR. The team has the top three competitors in all but one weight class and is expected to walk away with several medals yet again.


Robert J. King